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2018年托福阅读模拟试题(9)

  • 时间:2018-02-11 16:23
  • 作者:外语小编
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摘要:托福阅读文本: Of all modern instruments, the violin is apparently one of the simplest. It consists in essence of a hollow, varnished wooden sound box, or resonator, and a long neck, covered with a fingerboard, along which four strin

托福阅读文本:

  Of all modern instruments, the violin is apparently one of the simplest. It consists in essence of

  a hollow, varnished wooden sound box, or resonator, and a long neck, covered with a fingerboard,

  along which four strings are stretched at high tension. The beauty of design, shape, and decoration

  is no accident: the proportions of the instrument are determined almost entirely by acoustical

  considerations. Its simplicity of appearance is deceptive. About 70 parts are involved in the

  construction of a violin. Its tone and its outstanding range of expressiveness make it an ideal solo

  instrument. No less important, however, is its role as an orchestral and chamber instrument. In

  combination with the larger and deeper-sounding members of the same family, the violins form

  the nucleus of the modern symphony orchestra.

  The violin has been in existence since about 1550. Its importance as an instrument in its own

  right dates from the early 1600's, when it first became standard in Italian opera orchestras. Its

  stature as an orchestral instrument was raised further when in 1626 Louis XIII of France

  established at his court the orchestra known as Les vingt-quatre violins du Roy (The King's 24

  Violins), which was to become widely famous later in the century.

  In its early history, the violin had a dull and rather quiet tone resulting from the fact that the

  strings were thick and were attached to the body of the instrument very loosely. During the

  eighteenth and nineteenth century, exciting technical changes were inspired by such

  composer-violinists as Vivaldi and Tartini. Their instrumental compositions demanded a fuller,

  clearer, and more brilliant tone that was produced by using thinner strings and a far higher string

  tension. Small changes had to be made to the violin's internal structure and to the fingerboard so

  that they could withstand the extra strain. Accordingly, a higher standard of performance was

  achieved, in terms of both facility and interpretation. Left-hand technique was considerably

  elaborated, and new fingering patterns on the fingerboard were developed for very high notes.

  托福阅读题目:

  1. The word "standard" in line 12 is closest in meaning to

  (A) practical

  (B) customary

  (C) possible

  (D) unusual

  2. "The King's 24 Violins" is mentioned in line 15 to illustrate

  (A) how the violin became a renowned instrument

  (B) the competition in the 1600's between French and Italian orchestras

  (C) the superiority of French violins

  (D) why the violin was considered the only instrument suitable to be played by royalty

  3. What is the main idea presented in paragraph 3?

  (A) The violin has been modified to fit its evolving musical functions.

  (B) The violin is probably the best known and most widely distributed musical instrument in the

  world.

  (C) The violin had reached the height of its popularity by the middle of the eighteenth century.

  (D) The technique of playing the violin has remained essentially the same since the 1600's.

  4. The author mentions Vivaldi and Tartini in line 19 as examples of composers whose music

  (A) inspired more people to play the violin

  (B) had to be adapted to the violin

  (C) demanded more sophisticated violins

  (D) could be played only by their students

  5. The word "they" in line 22 refers to

  (A) Civaldi and Tartini

  (B) thinner strings and a higher string tension

  (C) small changes

  (D) internal structure and fingerboard

  6. The word "strain" in line 22 is closest in meaning to

  (A) struggle

  (B) strength

  (C) strategy

  (D) stress

  7. The word "Accordingly" in line 23 is closest in meaning to

  (A) However

  (B) Consequently

  (C) Nevertheless

  (D) Ultimately

  8.According to the passage , early violins were different from modern violins in that early violins

  (A) were heavier

  (B) broke down more easily

  (C) produced softer tones

  (D) were easier to play

  9. According to the passage , which of the following contributes to a dull sound being produced by

  a violin?

  (A)A long fingerboard

  (B)A small body

  (C) High string tension

  (D) Thick strings

  10. Which of the following terms is defined in the passage ?

  (A) resonator (line 2)

  (B) solo (line 7)

  (C) left-hand technique (line 25)

  (D) fingering patterns (lines 24-25)

  11. All of the following are mentioned in the passage as contributing to the ability to play modern

  violin music EXCEPT

  (A) more complicated techniques for the left hand

  (B) different ways to use the fingers to play very high notes

  (C) use of rare wood for the fingerboard and neck

  (D) minor alterations to the structure of the instrumentANSWER KEYS

  托福阅读答案:

  BAACD DBCAA C

 

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