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成人英语三级考试阅读练习【10】

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Accidents are caused; they don't just happen. The reason may be easy to see: a shelf out of reach, a patch of ice on the misfortune—frustration, tiredness or just bad temper—that show what the accident really is, a sort of attack on oneself.

Road accidents, for example, happen frequently after a family quarrel, and we all know people who are accident-prone, so often at odds with themselves and the world that they seem to cause accidents for themselves and others.

By definition, an accident is something you can not predict or avoid, and the idea which used to be current, that the majority of road accidents are caused by a minority of criminally careless drivers, is not supported by insurance statistics. These show that most accidents involve ordinary motorists in a moments of carelessness or thoughtlessness.

It is not always clear, either, what sort of conditions make people more likely to have an accident. For instance, the law requires all factories to take safety precautions and most companies have safety committees to make sure the regulations are observed, but still, every day in Britain, some fifty thousand men and women are injured from work due to accidents. These accidents are largely the result of human error or misjudgment—noise and fatigue, boredom or worry are possible factors which contribute to this. Doctors who work in factories have found that those who drink too much, usually people who have a high anxiety level, run three times the normal risk of accidents at work.

16. The passage suggests that________.

A.Accidents are usually caused by psychological factors.

B.Accidents mostly result from slippery roads.

C.Drinkers run three times the normal risk of accidents in factories.

D.About 50 000people lose their lives at work in Britain every day.

答案:A

17.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a factor of accidents?

A.Mood.

B.Tiredness.

C.Carelessness

D.Weather

答案:D

18. The word “accidents-prone”(L.2 Para.2)means________.

A.likely to have accidents

B.injured in accidents

C.possible to die in accidents

D.responsible for road accidents

答案:A

19. What can we infer about the author opinion of accidents?

A.Safety precautions are of little use in accidents.

B.Many accidents can and should be avoided.

C.Factory accidents , unlike road accidents, are inevitable.

D.Most road accidents are caused by just a few careless drivers.

答案:B

20. The best title for the passage would be __________.

A.Accidents and Anxiety

B.How to Deal with Accidents on Road and in Factories

C.Human Factors in Accidents

D.How to Prevent Accidents on Road and in Factories

答案:C

Broadband technology is seen as the key to the new digital economy.

In this rapidly changing world, media and technology information Can be sent via phone calls and downloads like music, graphics, business information or films.

The simpler the information, the smaller the package and the narrower the bandwidth needed to deliver it.

Broadband is used for high speed Internet connections at a fixed monthly rate. It turns an exciting telephone line into a high speed digital line capable of carrying data up to 40 times conventional modem speeds.

Any download is available at the click of a mouse-there is no dial-up as there is with standard Internet Service Providers.

For home owners and families there are many advantages. One of the most important is simultaneous (同时的.access to both telephone lines and the Internet. No queses and no delay.

For businesses, broadband can impove customer relations and provide direct access to corporate e-malls and databases. Entire operations can go online.

21. The function that broadband technology has on the new digital economy is ________.

A.further

B.critical

C.costly

D.global

[答案精解]B.推理题。从文中Broadband technology is seen as the key to the new digital economy.宽带技术被看作新数字经济的关键所在。可推断出宽带技术在新数字经济中发挥了至关重要的作用。

22. How much does a user pay if he has broadband technology installed?

A.It depends On the length of time.

B.It depends on the times of dial-up.

C.He pays at a fixed monthly rate.

D.He pays a lot of money.

[答案精解]C.细节题。从文章第三段句首Broadband is used for high speed Internet connections at a fixed monthly rate可以得出,使用者每月所付宽带费是固定的,即at a fixed monthly rate.

23. Compared with the modem speed the broadband technology can transmit data ________.

A.at up to forty times of ordinary speed

B.much more faster

C.at a high speed

D.within a second

[答案精解]A.细节题。从文章中……capable of carrying data up to 40 times conventional modem speeds得知新的传播方式是通常的四十倍。

24. Who can take advantage of the broadband technology according to the passage?

A.Family members.

B.College students.

C.Both home owners and businessmen.

D.Only businessmen and their partners.

[答案精解]C.推理题。文章倒数第二段介绍了宽带对家庭的好处,而文章倒数第一段介绍了宽带对商务的好处,从而可以推出宽带对家庭用户和商务用户都有利。

25. With the broadband technology companies can have all their operations done

A.during the work days.

B.during the whole week

C.online

D.offline

[答案精解]C.细节题。从文章最后一句Entire operations Can go online“整个操作都可在网上进行”一句即可得出答案。

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