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英语三级阅读每日一练(7月24日)

  • 时间:2017-08-11 15:09
  • 作者:外语小编
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摘要:Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements, numbered36 to 40. For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should make the correct choice and mark the

Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements, numbered36 to 40. For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should make the correct choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. 
  To the professional linguist, there is no superiority of any language. Therefore, it is well-accepted in the field of linguistics that there exist no higher or lower grades among languages. 
  People once thought of the languages of backward groups as undeveloped forms of speech, consisting largely of rough and simple sounds. It is possible that language in general began as a series of simple sounds. But it is a fact established by the study of "backward" languages that no spoken tongue answers that description. Most languages of "backward" groups are extremely complex pieces of tool for the transfer of ideas. They "fall behind" the western languages not in their sound pattern or grammatical structures but only in their vocabularies. The sound pattern or grammatical structures usually are fully adequate for all language needs. 
  The vocabulary reflects the objects and activities known to their speakers. 
  There are two things to be noted. Firstly, all languages seem to possess ways for vocabulary expansion. Vocabulary expands either by putting together its own words or by borrowing words from other languages. Secondly, the "backward" languages are different from ours. The object sand activities which require distinction are often, surprisingly numerous and complicated. 
  36. What does the word "superiority" (Line 1, Para. 1) mean? 
  A. Being complete. 
  B. Being better. 
  C. Being large. 
  D. Being tiny. 
  37. We can learn from the first paragraph that 
  A. some kind of languages may be better than others 
  B. we can not say one language is better than others 
  C. it is difficult to know which language is better than others 
  D. language contains some grades 
  38. The languages of backward groups were regarded as underdeveloped because 
  A. their languages were difficult to understand 
  B. the history of their languages was not long 
  C. the sounds of their languages were very easy to understand 
  D. their languages mainly contained rough and simple sounds 
  39. In the author’s view, some languages "fall behind" western languages in the aspect of 
  A. their sound pattern 
  B. their grammatical structures 
  C. their vocabularies 
  D. their speakers 
  40. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? 
  A. Language is to be viewed with ranks or grades. 
  B. Most languages of "backward" groups are complex enough to express ideas. 
  C. Generally languages are probably developed from simple sounds. 
  D. All languages seem to possess the system for "vocabulary expansion.

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